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Chemical composition and properties of lava-like fuel-containing masses from the ―Shelter‖ (LFCM) are considered. It is noted the necessity of further LFCM conditioning to ensure the safety of their prolonged storage and disposal in a geological repository. As an optimal method of conditioning it is suggested the joint vitrification of LFCM and of liquid boron-containing radioactive waste from VVER NPP using an induction ―cold crucible‖ melter.

 

 

Четвертый выпуск (in English) | Переглядів: 366 | Завантажень: 28 | Додав: SileNt | Дата: 25.08.2015

The results of the qualification of main steam isolation valves (MSIV) for water / steam-water medium have been analyzed taking into consideration the ―small series‖ WWER-1000 units. This analysis demonstrates that qualification of MSIV for water has not been substantiated sufficiently for the ―small series‖ of WWER-1000, so it could not been extended for serial WWER-1000. In addition, it is necessary to perform the qualification of MSIV for water for severe beyond design basis accidents taking into consideration possible human errors and multiple failures based on reasonably substantiated criteria of qualification.

Четвертый выпуск (in English) | Переглядів: 468 | Завантажень: 30 | Додав: SileNt | Дата: 25.08.2015

The paper presents data of long-term experimental study of dynamics of 137Cs and 90Sr radionuclides distribution in Kiev Polissya and Forrest-steppe ecosystems that were contaminated as a result of the Chernobyl NPP disaster. 

Четвертый выпуск (in English) | Переглядів: 339 | Завантажень: 29 | Додав: SileNt | Дата: 25.08.2015

The article analyses how some adverse external environmental factors impact on the protective properties of
concrete containers for storage and disposal of long-lived radioactive waste (RAW). Some conceptual issues of
storing (placing) and location of RAW containers in storages, which can significantly affect on the containers
durability during their exploitation, are discussed as well. A mathematical formalization is proposed, which allows
to perform general analysis of the potential effects of climatic, hydro-geological and other environmental factors on
the main operational characteristics of the ―container + RAW‖ system.
 

Третий выпуск (in English) | Переглядів: 408 | Завантажень: 30 | Додав: SileNt | Дата: 09.08.2015

Balance evaluation for processing spent nuclear fuel of different origin at the plant RT-1 "Mayak" is performed. It is shown that at formation of vitrified high level waste the aluminophosphate matrix comprises a mixture of fission and transuranic radionuclides, which is not genetically related to the burn-up of nuclear fuel during operation of VVER-440 Rivne NPP. 

Третий выпуск (in English) | Переглядів: 390 | Завантажень: 29 | Додав: SileNt | Дата: 09.08.2015

Alumina and alkali binders for cementing liquid radioactive wastes, which include boric acid compound were compared. Given the need for long-term keeping of insulating properties of the matrix at waste disposal as a condition of providing environmentally sound localization of conditioned waste residue, more promising is the use of alkaline binders. Comparison was made of alumina and alkali binders for cementing of liquid radioactive wastes, which include boric acid compound. 

Третий выпуск (in English) | Переглядів: 347 | Завантажень: 28 | Додав: SileNt | Дата: 09.08.2015

Alumina and alkali binders for cementing liquid radioactive wastes, which include boric acid compound were compared. Given the need for long-term keeping of insulating properties of the matrix at waste disposal as a condition of providing environmentally sound localization of conditioned waste residue, more promising is the use of alkaline binders. Comparison was made of alumina and alkali binders for cementing of liquid radioactive wastes, which include boric acid compound. Keywords: liquid radioactive waste, bottoms, nuclear power plant, cementing, binding materials. 

Третий выпуск (in English) | Переглядів: 337 | Завантажень: 29 | Додав: SileNt | Дата: 09.08.2015

The results of analysis of current practices of cost estimates for decommissioning of nuclear power units with different reactor types is reviewed. Cost estimates intervals are provided for decommissioning of units with PWR, BWR, and AP1000 reactors and the main factors influencing the cost amount are analyzed.

Четвертый выпуск (in English) | Переглядів: 358 | Завантажень: 30 | Додав: SileNt | Дата: 09.08.2015

The possibility of immobilizing the salts of evaporation residues of NPP liquid waste in matrices based on natural minerals is studied. It is shown that at salt content in the residue of 10 mass.% the glass-ceramic samples composed of clinoptilolite—montmorillonite—glass powder have a high chemical resistance (leaching rate of Cs-137 and Sr-90 radionuclides does not exceed 1 10-6 g/(cm2 day)).

Третий выпуск (in English) | Переглядів: 327 | Завантажень: 27 | Додав: SileNt | Дата: 27.05.2015

The rate of self-decontamination of water masses from radionuclides in the most contaminated water bodies in Ukraine is determined. It is shown that the content of 137Cs in the water masses of the exclusion zone water bodies is reduced with halftime of decontamination of 9,6 1,4 years. The mechanism of slowing the rate of decontamination of water masses from radionuclides is considered. It is shown that two years after the radionuclide ingress in the water body there is a significant slowdown in the rate of purification of water masses.

Третий выпуск (in English) | Переглядів: 334 | Завантажень: 30 | Додав: SileNt | Дата: 27.05.2015

The paper contains a review of the main provisions of the updated Decommissioning Concept for the operating NPPs in Ukraine. The presented results of analysis are based on the consideration of six possible scenarios of the nuclear power complex development for the 15- and 20-year lifetime extension of the units, as well as the results of strategic planning and a long-term forecast of the operating NPPs decommissioning activity for two main decommissioning options, namely the deferred dismantling and immediate dismantling. Comparative cost estimations for the WWER-440 and WWER-1000 units decommissioning are given for the acting and the updated Concept.

Третий выпуск (in English) | Переглядів: 356 | Завантажень: 31 | Додав: SileNt | Дата: 27.05.2015

Четвертый выпуск | Переглядів: 471 | Завантажень: 48 | Додав: SileNt | Дата: 06.02.2015

Третий выпуск | Переглядів: 487 | Завантажень: 191 | Додав: SileNt | Дата: 24.10.2014

The article considers the prospects of application of the modern possibility theory (expert systems, fuzzy algorithms, fuzzy clustering) for evaluation of indeterminate forms related to the current condition of nuclear power plants equipment.

Второй выпуск (in English) | Переглядів: 364 | Завантажень: 54 | Додав: SileNt | Дата: 28.09.2014

The results of researches of zoobenthos in water bodies which are exposed to impact of thermal and nuclear power plants are presented.

Второй выпуск (in English) | Переглядів: 301 | Завантажень: 41 | Додав: SileNt | Дата: 28.09.2014

The results of the research are presented of zooperiphyton in cooling ponds of nuclear and thermal power plants.

Второй выпуск (in English) | Переглядів: 296 | Завантажень: 46 | Додав: SileNt | Дата: 28.09.2014

The article focuses on the role of macrophytes in natural and man-made ecosystems of cooling ponds, specific features of
mutual influence of plants and NPP water supply systems.

Второй выпуск (in English) | Переглядів: 295 | Завантажень: 51 | Додав: SileNt | Дата: 28.09.2014

The features of forming of phytoplankton species composition and quantitative indexes in the cooling ponds of NPP and TPP were considered.

Второй выпуск (in English) | Переглядів: 467 | Завантажень: 39 | Додав: SileNt | Дата: 28.09.2014

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